Journal Information
Vol. 100. Issue 1.
Pages 70-71 (01 January 2024)
Vol. 100. Issue 1.
Pages 70-71 (01 January 2024)
Images in Paediatrics
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Hemodynamic shock secondary to massive duodenal ulcus
Shock hemodinámico secundario a ulcus duodenal masivo
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Carmen González-Lamuñoa,
Corresponding author
, Irene Robles Álvareza, Cristina González Miaresa, Óscar Balboa Arreguib
a Unidad de Gastroenterología pediátrica, Servicio de Pediatría, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León, León, Spain
b Radiología Vascular e Intervencionista, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León, León, Spain
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A boy age 13 years was brought to hospital by the medical emergency team following two episodes of loss of consciousness. The patient had vomited stomach contents mixed with blood between both episodes.

On arrival, he was unstable, and the following tests were ordered: head CT scan, complete blood count and panel, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). The latter revealed a large, excavated defect in the duodenal bulb (Forrest Ib lesion) (Fig. 1) and oesophagitis (Los Angeles grade D). Massive bleeding developed during the procedure, prompting performance of resuscitation manoeuvres and injection of adrenaline and polidocanol in the preserved mucosa. Due to the persistence of bleeding, we performed an angiography with embolization of the gastroduodenal artery (Fig. 2), after which there was no further evidence of bleeding. Treatment with high-dose proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) was initiated. Further evaluation ruled out malignant disease, Helicobacter pylori was not detected the histological examination, and the basal serum concentration of gastrin and the findings of the single-photon emission CT scan were normal.

Figure 1.

Duodenal ulcer with active bleeding.

(0.06MB).
Figure 2.

Visualization of irregularity in the gastroduodenal artery wall before proceeding to the gastroepiploic artery. Coil embolization.

(0.05MB).

The patient remained in treatment for 7 months, with a follow-up UGIE, after discontinuation of PPI treatment, evincing antral gastritis with features suggestive of H. pylori infection, although the cultures remained negative. Serologic testing for detection of H. pylori was ordered and turned out positive. Given the high frequency of H. pylori associated with this condition, the decision was made to start empiric eradication therapy.1

Giant duodenal ulcers are rare but potentially severe lesions in the paediatric age group.2 Infection by H. pylori is the most frequent cause, and should be tested for in every case.3

References
[1]
J. Cho, A. Prashar, N.L. Jones, S.F. Moss.
Helicobacter pylori infection.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am, 50 (2021), pp. 261-282
[2]
R. Dohil, E. Hassall.
Peptic ulcer disease in children.
Baillieres Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol, 14 (2000), pp. 53-73
[3]
N.L. Jones, S. Koletzko, K. Goodman, P. Bontems, S. Cadranel, T. Casswall, et al.
Joint ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines for the management of Helicobacter pylori in children and adolescents (update 2016).
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 64 (2017), pp. 991-1003

Previous meeting: the case was presented as an oral communication at the II Virtual Scientific Meeting of the Sociedad de Pediatría de Asturias, Cantabria y Castilla y León (SCCALP), held online on November 4–5, 2021.

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