Journal Information
Vol. 100. Issue 6.
Pages 393-400 (1 June 2024)
Vol. 100. Issue 6.
Pages 393-400 (1 June 2024)
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Annual report of the editors of Anales de Pediatría
Informe anual de los editores de Anales de Pediatría
Montserrat Antón-Gameroa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Alejandro Avila-Alvarezb, Josep Vicent Balaguer-Martínezc, Mercedes Bueno Campañad, Rafael Galera-Martíneze
a Editora Jefe, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain
b Editor Asociado, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña, Sergas, A Coruña, Spain
c Editor Asociado, CAP Sant Ildefons de Cornellà de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
d Editora Asociada, Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
e Editor Asociado, Hospital Universitario Torrecárdenas, Almería, Spain
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Table 1. Professionals who have collaborated as peer reviewers with Anales de Pediatría.
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As editors of Anales de Pediatría, we want to share with our readers the most relevant aspects concerning the journal in the past year of 2023. Leaving behind the pandemic and its significant impact on scientific output, we are witnessing recovery and stabilization in the number of submitted manuscripts. We have chosen to adopt a dynamic management approach, adjusting the contents of each issue and succeeding in shortening processing times. Anales de Pediatría ranked 66 out of the 130 journals in its category in the Journal Citation Report 2022, and its visibility has continued to increase, reaching a record number of 11 million visits.

Five reasons to publish in Anales de Pediatría. Are you ready to upload your article?

With the dissemination of the infographic shown in Fig. 1 in social networks in the past year, we have encouraged potential authors to submit a manuscript to Anales de Pediatría. The Editorial Committee gives 5 reasons justifying this appeal: Anales is a gold open access journal that does not demand processing fees from authors, handles manuscripts within acceptable time frames and makes editorial decisions supported by blind peer review, accepts and publishes articles in Spanish and English and is positioned in the third quartile of its category, it has an excellent visibility through its website, Science Direct and the social media accounts of the Asociación Española de Pediatría (AEP, Spanish Association of Pediatrics) and it contributes to the diffusion of science in Spanish. Our goal is to bring the journal to the awareness all authors, scientists and researchers who generate new knowledge in the field of paediatrics with the ultimate objective of continuing to improve the quality of Anales de Pediatría.

Figure 1.

Five reasons to publish in Anales de Pediatría.

Manuscript processing

In year 2023, we observed an increasing trend in the number of submitted manuscripts to up to 682, as can be seen in Fig. 2. The distribution by type of manuscript was similar to that of recent years, with a slight increase in the publication of scientific letters and images (Fig. 3). Although the rejection rate for original articles remains at 80%, the overall acceptance rate has increased on account of a greater percentage of acceptance for scientific letters and, above all, images and videos. We ought to mention that the video format available in the latter section is a very attractive resource that suits the emerging media consumption habits of the readership, and that the publication of videos has doubled in 2023.

Figure 2.

Annual changes in the total number of received and accepted manuscripts in years 2014 to 2023.

Figure 3.

Annual changes in the percentage of original articles, scientific letters and letters to the editor received in the 2014–2023 period.


The dynamic management approach has succeeded in reducing processing times considerably, especially the time elapsed from acceptance of a manuscript to its online publication and its assignation to an issue—5 and 16 weeks, respectively, as can be seen in Fig. 4. Regrettably, the time to first response has increased to 13 days (Fig. 5) on account of the difficulties experienced in finding expert reviewers willing to accept the invitation for peer review. We have launched strategies to improve on this aspect.

Figure 4.

Mean manuscript processing time from acceptance to publication (2014-2023).

Figure 5.

Mean time elapsed from reception to first response by the Editorial Committee (años 2014–2023).

English translation

Anales de Pediatría publishes the English translation of manuscripts accepted in Spanish simultaneously. This process was finally consolidated for every section of the journal in 2023. The journal also undertook the translation and online publication of the Letters to the Editor and Images in Paediatrics sections for years 2021, 2022 and 2023, which were not previously available in English, to increase their diffusion and allow their indexation.

Visibility of Anales de Pediatría

Anales de Pediatría is succeeding in its mission to disseminate scientific output in paediatrics supported by its excellent visibility. The total number of visits continues to grow by more than 1 million a year, exceeding 11 million in 2023. This increasing trend has been observed in the visits through both the journal website and Science Direct (Figs. 6 and 7).

Figure 6.

Visibility of Anales de Pediatría: total number of visits (2014-2023).

Figure 7.

Visibility of Anales de Pediatría: Number of visits to the site ( (2014–2023). The percentage distribution by country was: Spain: 24%, Mexico: 23%, Argentina: 9%, Colombia: 8%, Peru: 7%, Chile: 6%, Ecuador: 4%, Venezuela: 3%, United States: 2%, Bolivia: 2%, other: 12%.


The most read article in 2023, with 35 250 visits, was “Actualización del documento de consenso sobre etiología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la otitis media aguda y sinusitis”, written by the Collaborative Group for the Consensus on Acute Otitis Media and Sinusitis in Paediatrics.1

We continued our activity through the social media accounts of the AEP with the daily posting of articles in X (formerly known as Twitter) and monthly posting of the contents of each issue of the journal. In the case of original articles, the graphical abstract is included in the tweet. The publication with the greatest impact within social networks was the “Documento de consenso sobre nutrición en las cardiopatías congénitas”, a consensus document developed by the AEP published in May 2023 with 6.36 K views.2 We encourage paediatricians and readers to promote the diffusion of the contents of the journal in social networks to encourage scientific debate.

Impact factor

The impact factor had been abnormally low in recent years due to the increase in scientific output during the COVID-19 pandemic and the change in the formula used to calculate it by Clarivate Analytics to take into account early access content. In 2022, the impact factor decreased to 2.1, reflecting the normalization in article publication in 2022 and the move of the articles published during the pandemic and early access content to the denominator of the formula.

In spite of this, Anales de Pediatría managed to improve its position in the ranking of journals on paediatrics, reaching 66 out of 130 (49.6th percentile), very close to the second quartile. Predicting the impact factor for 2023—which is pending publication at the time of this writing—is very complicated, although we expect it will continue to decrease to approximate the values preceding the pandemic. This trend has also been observed in other journals. We need to stay focused on the objective to maintain our relative position in the paediatrics category, rather than the actual value of the impact factor. Thus, we are adopting a more holistic understanding of the influence and impact of the journal, taking other metrics and aspects of a qualitative nature into account, such as percentiles and normalised indices such as the Journal Citation Index (JCI), which was 0.63 in 2022.3

The estimate for 2023 obtained with Elsevier’s Cite Score is promising, as the number of citations increased between 2020 and 2023 (1691 citations) compared to the previous period (1562 citations), with a predicted score of 2.1, greater than the score of 2.0 for 2022. The official Cite Score for 2023 will be published in June.


Table 1 lists the 277 reviewers that collaborated with Anales de Pediatría in 2023. As we have done in previous editorials,4,5 we recognise the relevance of reviewers as a cornerstone of quality in the editorial process. We thank them for their disinterested effort and are currently exploring possible strategies to give recognition and incentives for their work. The AEP has agreed to offer free tuition for 1 course a year in its Continuum education platform to those experts who have collaborated with Anales de Pediatría as peer reviewers.

Table 1.

Professionals who have collaborated as peer reviewers with Anales de Pediatría.

Reviewers of Anales de Pediatría (2023)
Abadías Granado  Isabel 
Abril  Juan Carlos 
Adán Lanceta  Víctor 
Aguar  Marta 
Aguilar-Salmerón  Raquel 
Aguilera-Albesa  Sergio 
Aguilera-Alonso  David 
Albi-Rodriguez  M. Salome 
Alcalá Minagorre  Pedro J. 
Alcaraz  Andres José 
Alcobendas  Rosa 
Alegre  Victor 
Alemany Masia  Maria Elodia 
Alfayate Miguélez  Santiago 
Allue  Xavier 
Almario-Hernández  Andrés Fernando 
Alonso  María Teresa 
Alonso  Veronica 
Alonso  Ana Isabel 
Alonso  Noelia 
Alonso Calderón  Jose Lorenzo 
Alonso Quintela  Paula 
Alsina Manrique de Lara  Laia 
Altet  Maria N. 
Alvez  Fernando 
Andrés  Ana Gloria 
Andrés Llano  Jesús María 
Andres Martin  Anselmo 
Andrés Moreno  Mara 
Antón-Pacheco  Juan L. 
Aranceta-Bartrina  Javier 
Ariceta  Gema 
Ariza-Jimenez  Ana-Belen 
Arnáez  Juan 
Arredondo Montero  Javier 
Arroyo Marín  Maria José 
Arteaga  Alejandro 
Astigarraga  Itziar 
Ayala Curiel  Javier 
Azcunaga  Beatriz 
Azpilicueta-Idarreta  María 
Balaguer  Albert 
Barrio  Josefa 
Baselga  Eulalia 
Bautista-Casasnovas  Adolfo 
Belinchón Romero  Isabel 
Bergua  Ana 
Bermúdez de Castro  Elena 
Betancourth  Josue Eduardo 
Betlloch  Isabel 
Blanco Quirós  Alfredo 
Blasco-Alonso  Javier 
Bodas Pinedo  Andrés 
Boix  Hector 
Bordel Gómez  María Teresa 
Borrull Senra  Anna María 
Bosch Alcaraz  Alejandro 
Brandstrup  Kay Boris 
Bravo Acuña  Juan 
Bretón  José-Rafael 
Bueno Lozano  Gloria 
Burillo-Putze  Guillermo 
Cabero Pérez  María Jesús 
Calle-Miguel  Laura 
Calvo  Cristina 
Cambra Lasaosa  Francisco José 
Cammarata Scalisi  Francisco 
Campos Dominguez  Minia 
Camprubí Camprubí  Marta 
Cano  Alfredo 
Caridad  Tapia Collados 
Castillo Salinas  Félix 
Cernada  María 
Chocarro  Lourdes 
Climent Alcalá  Francisco José 
Codina Sampera  Elena 
Collados  Laura 
Concheiro  Ana 
Conejo Moreno  David 
Conejo-Fernández  Antonio José 
Cordeiro  Malaika 
Cordon Martinez  Ana 
Costa-Romero  Marta 
Couce  María L. 
Couceiro Gianzo  José Antonio 
Crespo Marcos  David 
Crespo Suarez  Pilar Adelaida 
Croché Santander  Borja 
Cruz Martínez  Ofelia 
Cruz-Cañete  Marta 
Curcoy Barcenilla  Ana 
de Alba Romero  Concepción 
de Carlos Vicente  Juan Carlos 
de la Cerda  Francisco 
Del Castillo Navío  Elena 
Delgado-Miguel  Carlos 
Delgado-Pecellín  Isabel 
Díez López  Ignacio 
Diez-Domingo  Javier 
Dorronsoro  Izaskun 
Eizaguirre  Iñaki 
Escofet Soteras  Concepción 
Escribano García  Carla 
Espino  Rafael 
F-Delgado  Rafael 
Fernández  Manuel A. 
Fernández Colomer  Belén 
Fernández de la Puebla  Elena 
Fernández Ramos  Joaquín A 
Fernández Trisac  José Luis 
Fernández-Teijeiro  Ana 
Ferrando Monleón  Susana 
Ferrer-Lozano  Marta 
Figuerola  Joan 
Fraga Rodríguez  Gloria María 
Frías Pérez  Manuel Ángel 
Gaboli  Mirella Piera 
Galán  Enrique 
García Ascaso  Marta Taida 
García García  Juan José 
García Pérez  Jesús 
García Rebollar  Carmen A 
Garcia Reymundo  Mercedes 
García Vera  César 
García-Alix  Alfredo 
García-Salido  Alberto 
Garrido Pérez  Jose Ignacio 
Garrido-Colino  Carmen 
Garrote Molpeceres  Rebeca 
Germán Díaz  Marta 
Gil Antón  Javier 
Gil-Gómez  Raquel 
Gómez  Borja 
Gómez Guzmán  Elena 
Gómez Sánchez  Esteban 
Gómez Sánchez  María 
Gómez Veiras  Javier Ricardo 
González  Rafael 
González Balenciaga  María 
González de Arriba  Marta 
González de Dios  Javier 
González García  Hermenegildo 
González Herranz  Pedro 
González Jimenez  David 
González Lamuño  Domingo 
González Rodríguez  Juan David 
González-Granado  L. Ignacio 
Gran  Ferran 
Granados Ruiz  Miguel Ángel 
Grasa  Carlos Daniel 
Gregorio-Hernández  Rebeca 
Hernández Crespo  María Teresa 
Hernández-Aguilar  María-Teresa 
Hernández-Merino  Ángel 
Herrero Velasco  Blanca 
Huidobro Fernández  Belén 
Ibarra  Ignacio 
Izquierdo Palomares  Lucía 
Juste  Mercedes 
Labarta Aizpún  José I 
Lacomba-Trejo  Laura 
Lasarte  Juan José 
Leis  Rosaura 
Lizama  Macarena 
López  Jorge 
López Gutiérrez  Juan Carlos 
López-Andreu  Juan Alonso 
López-Villalobos  José-Antonio 
Lozano Díaz  David 
Luaces-Cubells  Carles 
Lubián  Simón 
Lurbe  Empar 
Machinena Spera  Adriana 
Madariaga  Leire 
Magdaleno-Tapial  Jorge 
Mandia  Natalia 
Manrique Martinez  Ignacio 
Maravall  María 
Márquez Vega  Catalina 
Marrodán  María Dolores 
Martí  Itxaso 
Martí Carrera  María Itxaso 
Martín-Calama Valero  Jesús 
Martínez  Carmen 
Martínez-Ojinaga Nodal  Eva 
Martínez-Pajares  José D 
Mata Zubillaga  Daniel 
Mateos  María Elena 
Mayordomo-Colunga  Juan 
Melero  Javier 
Merino Andrés  Javier 
Millan García Del Real  Nuria 
Mir Perelló  Concepción 
Modesto i Alapont  Vicent 
Molina Gutiérrez  Miguel Ángel 
Mondéjar López  Pedro 
Monteagudo Montesinos  Emilio 
Montero Yeboles  Raúl 
Montesdeoca Melián  Abián 
Morales Ballus  Marta 
Morales-Olivas  Francisco J. 
Moreno-Galdó  Antonio 
Moreno-Villares  José Manuel 
Murray Hurtado  Mercedes 
Navarro Moreno  Constanza 
Ordóñez Álvarez  Flor Ángel 
Orejón de Luna  Gloria 
Ortega Páez  Eduardo 
Ortega Salas  Rosa María 
Ortigosa Gómez  Sandra 
Ortiz Salvador  José María 
García-Algar  Oscar 
Pallas-Alonso  Carmen-Rosa 
Palomo  Enrique 
Parente  Alberto 
Pastor Tudela  Ana Isabel 
Pérez Pascual  María 
Pérez-Lescure Picarzo  Javier 
Pérez-Muñuzuri  Alejandro 
Piñeiro Pérez  Roi 
Piris Borregas  Salvador 
Pons-Odena  Martí 
Praena Crespo  Manuel 
Prat Torres  Carolina 
Ramos Amador  José Tomas 
Reinoso-Barbero  Francisco 
Rey  Corsino 
Riaño Galán  Isolina 
Rite Gracia  Segundo 
Rivero Calle  Irene 
Rivero de la Rosa  María del Carmen 
Rodeño Fernández  Lorena 
Rodríguez Blanco  Silvia 
Rodríguez Fernández  Rosa 
Rodríguez Núñez  Antonio 
Rodríguez-Dehli  Ana Cristina 
Ruiz  Lorea 
Ruiz Campillo  César Wenceslao 
Ruiz-Contreras  Jesús 
Salguero  Enrique 
Sánchez  Tomas 
Sánchez Bayle  Marciano 
Sánchez Gutierrez  Rafael 
Sánchez Sánchez  Cesar 
Sánchez-Bernal  Javier 
Santos  Fernando 
Santos-Alarcón  Sergio 
Santos-Pérez  Juan Luis 
Sanz Santaeufemia  Francisco José 
Sastre Gervas  Isabel 
Sentchordi  Lucia 
Siguero  Juan Pedro 
Siurana  José Manuel 
Solana  María José 
Solís Sánchez  Gonzalo 
Somoza Argibay  Iván 
Sucasas Alonso  Andrea 
Tejero Hernández  Mª Angeles 
Toledo-Gotor  Cristina 
Tomas  Miguel 
Torrents Fenoy  Carme 
Torres Peral  Ricardo 
Torres-Borrego  Javier 
Tortajada  Miguel 
Vázquez Martínez  José Luis 
Vázquez Rueda  Fernando 
Velasco  Roberto 
Verdú  Alfonso 
Vergara Muñoz  Beatriz 
Verges  Alba 
Vicente Rueda  Josefina 
Vicho González  Cristina 
Vidal Miñano  Juana María 
Vitoria  Isidro 
Vivanco  Ana 
Zafra Anta  Miguel Ángel 
Zozaya  Carlos 

The names of professionals who reviewed more than 3 articles are presented in boldface.


We also thank the authors for their interest and trust in our journal. From the Editorial Committee, we continue to work ethically and transparently in the careful consideration of each manuscript to guarantee its quality, relevance and contribution to scientific knowledge. We offer our apologies to authors for any errors that may occur.


The annual award Anales de Pediatría 2024 to the best article published by the journal in 2023 was given to the original article “Efecto de tres dietas enterales con diferente contenido en proteínas sobre el metabolismo proteico en lactantes críticamente enfermos: un ensayo clínico aleatorizado” by Fernández Montes et al.6

The award to the article that has contributed the most to the impact factor of Anales de Pediatría in the last 2 years was given to the original article “Aprendiendo a reanimar en la escuela. Estudio en escolares de 8–12 años” by Martínez-Isasi et al.7

We offer our congratulations to the authors of these articles.

Asociación Española de Pediatría

We are grateful for the support of the Executive Board of the AEP to the activity of the Editorial Committee. We would also like to acknowledge how the AEP has promoted the initiatives implemented by the journal and its contribution to the journal’s diffusion.

Lastly, we take this opportunity to thank everyone whose work has contributed to the journal, and in particular the members of the working groups, committees and scientific societies of the AEP, who collaborate with us on an ongoing basis as expert reviewers and invited authors. We thank them, and we thank you, our readership, for embracing Anales de Pediatría.

D. López Martín, R. Piñeiro Pérez, L. Martínez Campos, J. Ares Álvarez, Grupo colaborador del consenso de otitis media aguda y sinusitis en pediatría, et al.
Actualización del documento de consenso sobre etiología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la otitis media aguda y sinusitis” del Grupo colaborador del consenso de otitis media aguda y sinusitis en pediatría.
An Pediatr, 98 (2023), pp. 362-372
F. Centeno-Malfaz, A. Moráis-López, A. Caro-Barri, L. Peña-Quintana, N. Gil-Villanueva, S. Redecillas-Ferreiro, et al.
La nutrición en las cardiopatías congénitas: documento de consenso.
An Pediatr (Barc)., 98 (2023), pp. 373-383
Heaney K. Unveiling the Journal Citation Reports 2023: Supporting research integrity with trusted tools and data. June 28, 2023. Blog Clarivate. Available from: Accessed 30 abril 2024.
M. Antón-Gamero, A. Ávila-Álvarez, J.V. Balaguer-Martínez, M. Bueno Campaña, R. Galera Martínez.
Informe de los editores. El trabajo de un año.
An Pediatr., 98 (2023), pp. 401-408
C. Candal-Pedreira, J. Rey-Brandariz, L. Varela-Lema, M. Pérez-Ríos.
Ruano-Ravina Los desafíos de la revisión por pares: cómo garantizar la calidad y transparencia del proceso editorial de las revistas científicas.
An Pediatr., 99 (2023), pp. 54-59
R. Fernández Montes, J. Urbano Villaescusa, A. Carrillo Álvarez, A. Vivanco Allende, M.J. Solana García, S. Díaz Coto, et al.
Efecto de tres dietas enterales con diferente contenido en proteínas sobre el metabolismo proteico en lactantes críticamente enfermos: un ensayo clínico aleatorizado.
An Pediatr (Barc)., 99 (2023), pp. 26-36
S. Martínez-Isasi, C. Abelairas-Gómez, M. Pichel-López, R. Barcala-Furelos, C. Varela-Casal, D. Vázquez-Santamariña, et al.
Aprendiendo a reanimar en la escuela. Estudio en escolares de 8-12 años.
An Pediatr (Barc)., 96 (2022), pp. 17-24
Copyright © 2024. Asociación Española de Pediatría
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