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Available online 16 March 2024
What happens after the congress? Analysis of the publications of the communications presented at the annual meetings of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
¿Qué ocurre después del congreso? Publicaciones de las comunicaciones presentadas en las reuniones anuales de la Sociedad Española de Urgencias de Pediatría
Silvia Pérez-Porra, Isabel Bullón-González, Inés Ferrer-Ortiz, Maria Pilar Andrés-Porras, Roberto Velasco
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Corresponding author.
Unidad de Urgencias de Pediatría, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain
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Table 1. Characteristics of published communications, overall and by year.
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Dear Editor,

In recent years, the number of scientific presentations in the Annual Meeting of the Sociedad Española de Urgencias de Pediatría (SEUP, Spanish Society of Paediatric Emergency Medicine) has been growing gradually. Our aim was to analyse which percentage of the studies presented in the annual meetings of the SEUP in recent years were subsequently published in an indexed journal. To this end, we carried out a search in 3 databases (Medline, Embase y Medes) for the abstracts of the studies presented as oral communications in the annual meetings of the SEUP in the 2017–2020 period, which are available at the website of the SEUP (, entering as key words the last name of the first and last authors of each communication as well as the name of the hospitals they were affiliated to. Although the study did not involve participation of any patients, we still sought the approval of the competent clinical research ethics committee.

Of the 890 oral communications presented at the last 4 annual meetings, we were able to retrieve information for 872 (98.0%). Of this total, 82 (9.4%) had been published in an indexed journal, 46 (56.1%) in journals outside of Spain. Table 1 presents the characteristics of these publications, overall and by year. Reports of multicentre studies were published more frequently compared to single centre studies (38.8% vs 7.1%; P<.01). Of the 30 hospitals that had made the largest number of communications, 16 (53.3%) did not publish any of the presented studies, while among the remaining hospitals the percentage of published works ranged from 2.5% to 43.5% of the communications, and this percentage only exceeded 30% for 3 hospitals. Fig. 1 shows the percentage of communications in which the study was subsequently published for hospitals with at least 15 communications in the period under study.

Table 1.

Characteristics of published communications, overall and by year.

  2017  2018  2019  2020  Total 
  Oral=99  Oral=204  Oral=252  Oral=317  Oral=872 
  Total=479  Total=481  Total=465  Total=576  Total=2001 
Total publications  26 (5.4%)a  19 (4.0%)a  21 (4.5%)a  16 (2.8%)a  82 (4.1%)a 
Domestic  9 (34.6%)  8 (42.1%)  13 (61.9%)  6 (37.5%)  36 (43.9%) 
International  17 (65.4%)  11 (57.9%)  8 (38.1%)  10 (62.5%)  46 (56.1%) 
Type of communication (published/total)
Full oral  14/22 (63.6%)  10/22 (45.5%)  13/22 (59.1%)  6/28 (21.4%)  43/94 (45.7%) 
Brief oral  12/77 (15.6%)  9/182 (4.9%)  8/230 (3.5%)  10/289 (3.5%)  39/778 (5.0%) 
Median impact factor (IQR)  2.1 (1.4–3.0)  1.6 (1.5–2.1)  1.5 (1.2–2.5)  1.5 (1.5–3.0)  1.5 (1.5–2.8) 
Multicentre study (published/total)
No  20/88 (22.7%)  13/187 (7.0%)  13/227 (5.7%)  11/302 (3.6%)  57/804 (7.1%) 
RISeuP  2/3 (66.7%)  3/4 (75.0%)  1/4 (25.0%)  2/4 (50.0%)  8/15 (53.3%) 
Working group/section of SEUP  2/4 (50.0%)  2/9 (22.2%)  3/12 (25.0%)  1/5 (20.0%)  8/30 (26.6%) 
Consorcio de hospitales  2/4 (50.0%)  1/4 (25.0%)  4/9 (44.4%)  2/6 (33.3%)  9/23 (39.1%) 

IQR: interquartile range; RISeuP: Research Network of the Sociedad Española de Urgencias de Pediatría; SEUP: Sociedad Española de Urgencias de Pediatría.


Percentage of total communications.

Figure 1.

Percentage of communications eventually published per hospital.

This chart only includes hospitals with at least 15 communications in the period under study.


Despite the limitations, for instance, having searched only the first and last authors of the communications, which could have resulted in missing some publications, or that some of the studies presented in the last annual meeting may still be undergoing the editorial review process in a journal, we believe that the results of our study show that the translation of communication in the annual meeting of the SEUP into publication is lower compared to the figure reported for other specialities.1,2 Multicentre studies are published more frequently, and, in this regard, the SEUP has facilitated this type of research through the development of working groups and its research network (RISEUP).3 On the other hand, we found that the increase in the number of annual communications was mostly due to an increase in brief communications, while the absolute number of publications remained constant. It is worth considering whether an increase in brief communications may not detract from the scientific relevance of the annual meetings. However, such consideration must also take into account the other objectives of a scientific gathering, such as education, awareness or funding for scientific societies.4

In conclusion, the current percentage of the studies presented as communications in the annual meeting of the SEUP that are subsequently published in indexed journals is lower compared to other scientific societies and varies substantially between the hospitals affiliated to the society.


This research did not receive any external funding.

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Publicaciones derivadas de las comunicaciones a los congresos anuales de la Sociedad Española de Cardiología.
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¿Se debe medir la calidad científica de un congreso nacional por el porcentaje de comunicaciones que llegan a publicarse?.
Actas Dermosifiliogr, 100 (2009), pp. 635-636
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